The hottest analysis on European printing industry

2022-07-25
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Analysis of European printing industry intergraf's history intergraf was conceived in Goteborg, Sweden, in 1923. In 1930, the "International Office of the Federation of famous printing enterprises" was established in Berlin, Germany. In 1946, it moved to London, England, and changed its name to "International Federation of famous printing enterprises" (impa). In 1984, it moved to Brussels, Belgium, and changed its name to "International Federation of printing and printing industries" (intergraf), The year 2004 just passed the 20th anniversary. At present, intergraf has 25 member associations and 4 collaborative members from 21 European countries. It is the Secretariat and member of the world printing and communication forum. It is located in ouyena flage square, Brussels, Belgium. Intergraf is managed by the board of directors, led by the board of directors composed of representatives of 8 federations and supported by the executive committee composed of 7 principals. At present, the office is composed of 6 people, 3 of whom are responsible for member services (lobbying, consulting, etc.), 2 of whom are responsible for business activities, and 1 of whom is responsible for finance and Administration (security printing enterprise conference and certification)

intergraf's responsibility is to make the graphics industry develop continuously and maintain its competitiveness. Its main means are: lobbying, dredging, information transmission, network construction and education. Organize and undertake the world printing and communication forum, safety printing enterprise conference and exhibition, and CWA certification

since 1976, the security printing enterprise conference and exhibition has been hosted by intergraf every 18 months. Interpol, the co organizer, is one of the largest conference and exhibition activities in the world, with strict participation standards and thresholds. During the exhibition, one day is "high-end safety day" and three days are comprehensive exhibition activities. The last exhibition was held in Grenada in october2004, with 800 participants and 90 booths. The exhibition schedule is arranged by the security printing enterprise Committee in intergraf

security printing - CWA certification. In 2003, intergraf developed a certification system - "security management system" to serve Securities printing enterprises, European Commission and cen (European Committee for Standardization). Its purpose is to develop an international agreement (CWA) for secure printing enterprises, recognize secure printing enterprises worldwide, reduce the number of audits of secure printing enterprises, and provide safeguard measures for secure printing for client countries. Recently, a system similar to CWA has just been developed to serve suppliers in the security printing industry

overview of European economy

after the slow GDP growth from 2001 to 2003, the GDP growth rate in 2004 increased to 2.5%. For example, the inflation rate of Sony's new generation electronic dog in Europe is 2%, and the average unemployment rate in Europe is between 8%~9%. The 15 EU Member States before the EU's eastward expansion have 90000 enterprises, 700000 employees and a capital of 82.5 billion euros (99.289 billion US dollars). After the EU's eastward expansion in may2004, the EU has 25 member states. The current inflation rate in Europe is 2.0% in EU-15 and 2.1% in EU-25. The countries with the lowest average growth rate in the past 12 months are Lithuania (-0.4%), Finland (0.5%), Denmark (1.1%) and the United Kingdom (1.3%); Countries with the highest growth rates: Slovakia (8.6%), Hungary (6.3%), Latvia (4.5%), Slovenia (4.3%). In the labor market, the total working hours per week (referring to full-time workers, including overtime work): in 2004, the European average was 41.1 hours/week, the lowest in France was 39.1 hours/week, and the longest in Latvia was 43.7 hours/week. Germany 42.3 hours/week, Britain 42.2 hours/week, Italy 40.3 hours/week, Denmark 39.2 hours/week

the labor market situation of the printing industry

the unemployment rate in Europe in 2004 was 8.1% on average in the 15 EU countries, which can fully meet the various temperature control indicators specified in the national standards, and 9.1% on average in the 25 EU countries. The countries with low unemployment rate are: Britain 4.9%, Sweden 5%, Austria 4.2%, Netherlands 4.6%, Luxembourg 4.3% and Ireland 4.4%. The countries with high unemployment rate include Spain, France, Germany and Poland, 11.1%, 9.6%, 9.7% and 19% respectively

new media

in the EU region in 2004, one in every two Europeans used the Internet within one year, mainly for sending and receiving e-mail and searching for goods and service information (80%), about 39% of them used banking services, and 39% of them bought goods and services through online shopping. In Germany, France and the Netherlands, online sales have become the strongest growth areas. In 2003, online sales in Germany increased by 34%. In France, online sales accounted for 20% of the total remote sales, with a growth rate of 34%

European printing industry data

since 2001, the capital volume has decreased by 5% (Belgium, Germany), 8% (Finland) and 10% (France), while it has increased in the UK and Spain. From 2004 to 2005, advertising printing did not decrease in any country, but the growth of electronic media or television was higher. The growth in Denmark, Norway, Germany (0.7%) and Italy (3%) was very limited. In Germany, the printing of paper without wood pulp, catalogue paper and map paper also increased, and the industrial export volume of Germany increased by 4.2%. Since 2001, the total number of enterprises has decreased by 11% (Germany) and 19% (France), while it has increased in Spain and Britain. In 2004, Belgium set the record for the largest number of bankruptcies since 1999. The annual growth rate of bankruptcies in Finland was 4%~5%. The overall decrease in the number of employees was Germany (17%), France (4.5%), Italy (5.5%), and the increase was in some Eastern European countries

changes in the order price of the printing industry (Taking Germany as an example), the order price of the printing industry continued to decline. In the first quarter of 2005, the price decreased by 0.7% compared with the fourth quarter of 2004, and 1.3% compared with the first quarter of 2004. Compared with 2000, the charge of the printing industry decreased by 1%. Prices failed to reflect the increase in production costs. The utilization rate of production equipment in the printing industry in Europe is 70% in Norway, 75% in Spain, 76% in Italy, 87% in the Netherlands, 86% in Belgium and 82% in Germany. Excess capacity is still a major problem

the main force of the European mapping industry is small and micro enterprises. In most cases, several enterprises are fixed to serve the domestic market. The development depends on the advertising industry, and the investment is concentrated on equipment, resulting in insufficient investment in "software", such as R & D and human resources. Structural overcapacity is a major feature. The customers they rely on often impose various stringent requirements on business. Foreign trade is of great importance, and the market development in emerging regions is insufficient, such as Eastern European countries and Africa. The export rate of printed products varies from country to country, with Sweden 6% joining the concrete market, France 9%, Germany 14%, Britain 16% and Belgium 25%

European paper industry data

the total output of paper and paperboard in 2004 (EU-15 plus Switzerland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Norway and Slovakia) was 99.488 million tons, the total consumption of paper and paperboard in 2004 (EU-15 plus Switzerland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Norway and Slovakia) was 88.187 million tons, the per capita consumption of paper in Spain was 167 kg, and that in Belgium and Luxembourg was 300 kg

the recycling of paper industry in Europe. In 2003, the recycling rate of paper industry accounted for 58% of the total paper consumption. The recycling rate has increased from 7% in 1991 to 53% in 2003. The EU has no regulations on recycling. CEPI (Federation of paper making enterprises) made a voluntary commitment that the recycling rate should reach 56% by 2005

changes in paper prices (take Germany as an example). Compared with the ultra-high prices in 2000, the prices in 2004 decreased by 5%. Since 2000, the prices have been on a downward trend and are currently in a stable state

the future of European printing industry

the advantages of European printing industry are: mature and highly specialized; Rich experience in technical improvement and market development; High skill level of employees; High adaptability of the industry; High performance of professional technical equipment; Able to provide good communication service for customers; B2B based (industry to industry) customer relationship is very good. The weakness lies in: for the market structure

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